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tear gas

Active ingredient? Mechanism? Treatment?

  • -Aerosolized liquids or solids (not actually a gas), 2-chlorobenzalmolonotrile is an example, but there are many other related compounds.
  • -Activates TRP receptors and induce substance P release leading to pain and mucosal irritation
  • -Complications include ocular irritation, keratitis. Requires very high concentrations to cause life threatening injury.
  • -Extraction from environment, decontamination and supportive care?